USGS Washington Water Science Center
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WA174 - Groundwater Resources of the Squaxin Indian Reservation - Completed FY1975
Problem - Very little is known of the hydrology of the Squaxin Indian Reservation which is on Squaxin Island, located near the southern end of Puget Sound. Parcels of land within the reservation are owned by non-Indians. Some of these parcels may be developed for homesites. There would thus be a consequent increasing demand for domestic water which will be in competition for water for Indian use. The Indians themselves are in the process of completing a long-range plan for developments on the island, including visitors center, commercial recreation facilities, and already have a growing commercial fish and oyster raising activity. There are no perennial streams on the Island and any development must come from ground water.
Objectives - To develop a general knowledge of the ground-water conditions on the reservation, the better locations for developing ground water, and the approximate quantities that can be pumped. This will allow the Indians to protect their water rights, and at the same time contribute to an orderly development of this valuable resource.
Approach - There are very few wells on the Island, but these will be scheduled. A geologic reconnaissance will be made to refine present surficial information available. Since virtually no subsurface geologic or ground-water information is available three or four test wells will be drilled. Each test hole that penetrates a ground-water aquifer will be test pumped to determine yield and general aquifer characteristics. Samples will be analyzed for mineral and bacteriological quality. A report will be furnished to the Indians.