USGS Washington Water Science Center
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9722-B2V - Spokane Valley - Rathdrum Prairie Hydrologic Study - Completed FY2007
Problem - The Spokane Valley - Rathdrum Prairie (SVRP) aquifer represents the sole source of drinking water for over 400,000 residents in Spokane County, Washington, and Kootenai County, Idaho. The area includes the rapidly growing cities of Spokane, Spokane Valley, and Liberty Lake, Washington, and Coeur d'Alene and Post Falls, Idaho. Recent and projected urban, suburban, and industrial/commercial growth has raised concerns about potential future impacts on water availability and water quality in the SVRP aquifer and Spokane and Little Spokane Rivers. Water resource concerns include growing demands on ground water and declining ground-water levels, low streamflow in reaches of the Spokane and Little Spokane Rivers, and water-quality problems associated with changing land use activities. Management of the SVRP aquifer system is complicated by the interstate, multi-jurisdictional nature of the system.
Objectives - The purpose of this study is to gain a better understanding of ground-water and surface-water resources in the SVRP area. This study will provide an improved scientific basis for evaluating water management alternatives for the SVRP aquifer and Spokane and Little Spokane Rivers. This study will provide the means for estimating the effects of additional ground water and surface water withdrawals on the SVRP aquifer and Spokane and Little Spokane Rivers, as well as simulating potential effects of climate change on water resources in the area. This study also will establish a network of dedicated monitoring wells for long-term collection of ground-water level and water-quality measurements, and will develop a common regional database for analyzing current and future ground-water and surface-water questions.
Relevance and Benefits - The project addresses many issues identified in the USGS Water Resources Programís Strategic Plan (http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1999/ofr99-249/html/exec.html#H001) for meeting the nationís water-resources needs. These issues include availability and sustainability assessments of Americaís water resources, estimating effects of land use and management alternatives on water quantity, and determining effects of ground-water withdrawals on surface water. Water availability and ground-water/surface-water interactions are critical to the SVRP study and are also major water-resource issues identified in the Washington Districtís Science Plan. Study of the SVRP aquifer is complicated by the interstate nature of the aquifer; thus, the USGS serves a critical role in supporting the impartial collection and analysis of water-resource data by working with the States of Washington and Idaho to develop resource-management tools that are mutually acceptable to both States and a diverse stakeholder community. There is high transfer value to the partnering process used to achieve the study objectives, and the tools developed in this study can be used in similar hydrogeologic settings.
Approach - Tasks that will be conducted to achieve the project objectives include:
Several other studies of the SVRP aquifer and Spokane River system are currently underway. These studies are supported by a variety of federal, state, local, and private funds. Data collection for the SVRP aquifer study will be coordinated with the principal investigators of these studies to ensure that all available aquifer-related data are collected and synthesized into the SVRP aquifer study database and to eliminate the duplication of efforts.
WA204 - Spokane-Rathdrum Prairie Sole-Source Aquifer Study, Washington and Idaho - Completed FY1978
Problem - EPA has been petitioned for sole source designation of the Spokane-Rathdrum Prairie aquifer of Washington and Idaho. In order to make informed decisions on the disposition of this petition with respect to the hydrology, available data must be assembled, evaluated, and organized into formats that will summarize the hydrologic situation.
Objectives - To prepare a report which contains a brief textual description of the aquifer, alternative water sources, and present water use distribution.
Approach - Coordinated under the Washington District, the Washington and Idaho WRD Districts will contact all local, State, and Federal agencies having water data pertaining to the aquifer system. All data will be compiled into a report outlining a general description of the aquifer (geometry, characteristics, water levels, stream aquifer relationships, recharge); streamflow data; water quality data; land use and soils; and water use and disposal. Interpretations will be made of data collected on ground water movement and historical contamination problems.